ansdell.net images, artwork, some text, online design tools, fonts and icons
Images and artwork
To provide additional material, inspiration, supporting graphics and artwork for publications which I edit (both web and print). I prefer, and mostly use, websites that offer a simple Royalty-Free or free licence and are free or low cost. I have listed below most of the sites that I use. The order reflects the frequency that I use the sites which, in turn, gives an idea of the combination of how often I find what I need there, ease of use, and cost.
- openclipart.org SVG and PNG clipart, most with a CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication
- ParishPump has UK-based editorial material for church magazines. Includes some nice cartoons, black and white artwork and monthly coloured cover illustrations. Annual subscription.
- Yvon Prehn’s Effective Church Communications site discusses and provides ideas for print and online church publications. From the theology of Christian communications to examples of publications from lots of (USA) churches. The material is available without charge. A sister site Church Communications Training>, provides training courses and access to other material. This site has a membership model for full access.
- Bible Picture Gallery provides part of the Christian Computer Art CD collection online. Lifetime membership for a small one-off payment. Does not have all the images from the CDs but a useful range of classic Bible illustrations and artwork. Web usage requires attribution and a link on the page.
- DLTK’s Crafts for Kids features printable children’s crafts, colouring pages and activities for personal, non-commercial use
- Activity Village thousands of colouring pages, kids’ crafts, educational resources for personal, classroom, club and library use only
- Sparklebox has free UK-based primary education resources.
- Google Images indexes lots of material but rights for an image can be tricky to ascertain. First search for the desired keywords. On the returned screen select ‘Images’ and then ‘Search Tools". A drop-down menu will appear and selecting ‘Usage Rights’ then offers several re-use levels that seem to correspond to the Creative Commons licence types.
- Scripture Union LightLive provides an searchable index to Scripture Union materials with downloadable templates and illustrations. Requires registration, including full name and address, to access.
- Creative Commons Search search for images, text, video, audio covered by a Creative Commons licence. This is the http link, the same location on the https server is for a search of the site's documents.
- Flickr, somewhere to store one’s pictures. Some users make their photographs available under a Creative Commons licence (i.e. no charge but may have limited rights). Flickr’s Advanced Search facilitates searching for images licensed under several Creative Commons licensing variants. The quality is variable as there is no filtering of images but Flickr is a useful source of photos, especially of out-of-the-way places.
- Wikipedia encourages the sharing and re-use of its text and media. The licences, conditions and exceptions are specified in Wikimedia Foundation Terms_of_Use, section 7, Licensing of Content
- Stencil provides a web app to bring uses provided CC0 images to create images. A variety of account levels are available, including free.
- Photo Pin searches Flickr and returns licensable content. It supports several criteria, simplifies downloading the correct size image and provides the necessary credit strings.
- PicFindr searches across several image sites for various license types (e.g. Creative Commons and GNU). In addition to the usual image sites it also looks at the free sections of some commercial image providers.
- Unsplash, high-resolution photos licensed under CC0. They are uploaded by users and not verified by the site operators.
- Gratisography by Ryan McGuire provides a range of beautiful but also intriguing images released under a license similar to CC0 but with additional limitations. Tinyography is also by Ryan McGuire and provides square-format photos shot using an iPhone.
- Morguefile.com provides no-cost images for inspiration, reference and use in creative work, commercial or not. Each image has details of applicable licence conditions.
- Deviant Art is a site where artists display their work. Some is Creative Commons licensed and there is a specific CC group at http://creative-commons.deviantart.com/ but no facility to search by licence on the site. Try searching on Google images with the string as suggested above and add ‘site:deviantart.com’.
- Depositphotos, stock photography and artwork,
new credits expire after a year, so keep a
careful check on when you bought them.
Depositphotos also provide Crello, a free online graphic editor.
- Stockunlimited stock images and clipart. Subscription service but with occasional special offers.
- Magdeleine has images released under CC0 or CC BY-SA. Supports search, browse or browse by photographer. Offers light and dark versions of images.
- SplitShire.com has images that are free but with usage restrictions. Provides search and categories (including blur and grain backgrounds).
- clkre.com royalty-free svg and png images and photos
- Pixabay.com free images, illustrations, graphics and videos released under a Creative Commons CC0 licence. You can copy, modify, distribute and use the images, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission and without attribution. However, depicted content may still be protected by trademarks, publicity or privacy rights.
- re:splash by Daniel Nanescu. Free for personal and commercial use. Over 1100 large images. Site provides search and browse but no categories.
- picjumbo.com free contemporary photos. A premium service is available.
- Pexels. All photos on Pexels should be licensed under a Creative Commons Zero (CC0) licence.
- SplitShire free stock photos and images for commercial use. The site has search, categories and selected top pics.
- Free Bible Images, photographic or illustrated Bible stories.
- Freeimages.co.uk, over 13,500 free stock photos: require link or credit to use.
- Greetings Spring ecards by paid subscriptions.
- Imagebank, no charge, for Christian worship and teaching events only.
- GoodFreePhotos has photos released into the public domain by the photographer but without any other releases hat may be needed.
- stocksnap.io images released under Creative Commons CC0 1.0 licence, The site has search and categories.
- Lindisfarne Scriptorium PC Resources, artwork images, licensed by the volume and available as an online resource.
- EveryStockphoto searches several sites and offers useful advanced search options including licence type, image source, size and orientation.
- Realgraphy CC0 images, billed as non-stock, unedited photos
- FancyCrave free high-resolution photos from professional photographers. Two new images every day.
- Free Nature Stock royalty-free nature photos; updated daily.
- Visualhunt searches Flickr CC-licensed images.
- RightLight license-free photos, mainly of single objects or posed shots. An example is spring flowers with shots of a single flower or a small vase of flowers on a neutral background.
- Zoomyapps over 50,000 images with CC0 or PD licences.
- Dreamstime, stock photography and artwork, new credits expire after a year.
- iStock, powerful indexing but expensive. Now owned by Getty Images.
Online design services
- Canva design tool. Free tool and resources with additional chargeable items and services, including stock images.
Fonts and Typefaces
- Aleo by Alessio Laiso, a slab serif font in six weights with extensive diacritics.
- Anatomy of a typeface on Typedia.
- exljbris, the library of Jos Buivenga (LJB), offers several no-cost fonts.
- Fontshop regularly provide good quality no-cost fonts.
- Free Typography resources list maintained by Shakti Sotomayor at InVision.
- Google Fonts offers over 700 web-optimised,
open source fonts (e.g. released under the SIL Open Font License). Among the fonts are Adobe’s Source
Sans Pro designed by Paul D Hunt, Ebin Sorkin’s Merriweather serif and sans serif, Inconsolatas monospace
by Raph Levien, Roboto grotesque-style by Christian Robertson and released under the Apache License version
Fonts can be self-hosted or served for free from Google font servers via a straightforward API.
- Hack from sourcefoundry, a source code font, based on Hack by Chris Simpkins with Vera and Bitstream.
- Iosveka is a source code font with variants that can be built from source.
- IBM Plex font has its source on source available on Github.
- Khaled Hosny has several fonts designed for TeX typesetting including:
- Lost Type Co-op a Pay-What-You-Want type foundry.
- Mononoki, a programming typeface by Matthias Tellen.
- Programming fonts article by Eric L Barnes, discusses popular fonts including Fira Code, Hack, Source Code Pro and Inconsolata.
- programming fonts article by Katerina Sand demonstrates and gives the origin and designer details for ten fonts: Inconsolata, Fira Mono, Source Code Pro, Anonymous Pro, M+ 1M, Hack, DejaVu Sans Mono, Droid Sans Mono, Ubuntu Mono, and Bitstream Vera Sans Mono.
- Newsletter fonts are considered in an item by Jacci Howard Bear.
- Spectral is a serif font released by Google, designed by Production Type of Paris, for long-form web reading.
- The League of Movable Type part of the Open-Source Type Movement.
The font icons used on the site are from:
- Font Awesome by Dave Gandy from Fort Awesome, published under the SIL OFL 1.1 licence. Fort Awesome is on GitHub, including the Font Awesome 5 development private repository, accessible to supporters of their 2016 Kickstarter. Font Awesome includes accessibility recommendations.
- iconapp.io from appcepted.io.
- Google material design icons, over 600 open source icons available as SVG, PNGs and an icon font.
- Simple Icons has SVG icons for popular brands including leading software projects. It also gives the hex colour code used for the icon. The project is a GitHub project: the set can be downloaded and PRs raised for additions.
Subsetting a font, where allowed by its licence, makes, in effect, a new font consisting of a selection of glyphs from the original. When appropriately compressed it should be much smaller than the original font. The icon font used on this site was subsetted using the online service at fontello.com.
I am not a lawyer and this is only an informal overview. The Wikipedia article on copyright gives more detail.
When using someone else's text, photos, artwork, music, etc. one needs to consider copyright. In most countries, copyright is granted automatically when a work is created and lasts for many years, perhaps longer than a century. To use the work needs permission from the copyright holder, not necessarily the original creator. That permission or licence may define limits on how and when the work can be used. By default, all rights are reserved and are exclusive to the creator of the work. In many jurisdictions there are some allowed, or at least defensible, uses of copyrighted material without explicit permission but these are often not well-defined or are difficult to comply with.
Creative Commons is a specific form of copyright licensing to facilitate sharing creativity and knowledge. The Creative Commons website gives the definitive information about the licences. Creative Commons licenses, summarised from the summaries on their website, include
- CC0, CC zero, is a tool for a holder of copyright or database rights to waive all interests in their work worldwide.
- CC BY. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.
- CC BY-ND. This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.
- CC BY-NC-SA. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
- CC BY-SA. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This license is used by Wikipedia: the Free Software Foundation changed their Free Document Licence in 2008 to create a window to allow the Wikipedia licence to be changed to CC BY-SA from the FDL. CC BY-SA is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects. CC BY-SA has similarities to some copyleft licences used for software.
- CC BY-NC. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
- CC BY-NC-ND. This license only allows others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
- Public Domain Mark. An indicator that some one believes this work is free of known copyright restrictions. Creative Commons does not recommend this tool for works that are restricted by copyright laws in one or more jurisdictions.
A pervasive problem is knowing whether you really can use a work for the purpose you intend. You read the license terms carefully and are certain that your usage is allowed. However, can you be sure that the licensor has the right to grant you that license? Most websites disclaim responsibility for this, even if you pay for a licence. Indeed, many of their Ts&Cs oblige you to indemnify them if problems, including this, arise. Model releases, trademarks, moral rights, international treaties and changes to copyright law increase complexity and risks. For example, images that include identifiable persons, private property or trademarks have additional legal usage constraints.
Whether a work is covered by copyright is equally problematic. Jurisdictions extend copyright terms from time to time, bringing out-of-copyright items back into copyright. Most copyright terms are not linked to years since the work was created (which you may know) but to the death of the creator (which you probably do not know) or some other event. Copyright in the work may have been assigned to a third party. There is no requirement to put a date or copyright holder on a work.
A work may be orphaned: perhaps still within copyright but the copyright holder is unknown or uncontactable. There have been proposals that third parties may be authorised to charge for and issue licences for such works.
Licences can change over time. A copyright owner may release a work under one licence but later change to a different one. If you find an image via a search engine, for example, always check the origin of the image for the current licence(s) available.